Rapid Assessment: COVID-19 Related Vulnerabilities and Perceptions of Non-Thai Population in Thailand

Year of Publication: 
2020

Key findings:

  • The most common barrier to COVID-19 specific hygiene and sanitation for non-Thai populations[1] is the cost of personal protective equipment (PPE). 41 per cent of  Key Informants[2]  reported that the majority of non-Thai nationals living in their communities do not have daily access to face masks.
  • 57 percent of respondents reported that the greatest challenge faced by non-Thai nationals since the outbreak of COVID-19 is insufficient income.
  • 24 per cent of respondents reported that the greatest challenge faced by children of non-Thai nationals since the outbreak of COVID-19 is limited access to education.
  • 27 per cent of respondents indicated that over three quarters of non-Thai nationals in their communities have experienced a reduction in their daily income due to COVID-19. Moreover, 10 per cent of respondents reported that over three quarters of non-Thai nationals in their communities have lost all sources of daily income due to COVID-19.
  • 60 per cent of Key Informants indicated that some proportion of non-Thai nationals do not have sufficient financial resources to guarantee the daily coverage of food, water, electricity, shelter, education and medical expenses.
  • Over the last month, 76 per cent of Key Informants reported that they have heard of concerns from non-Thai populations about not having enough food to eat and 21 per cent have heard of families going without eating for a whole day due to the consequences of COVID-19.
  • Half of the respondents reported that non-Thai nationals have little or no awareness on hand washing practices and 45 per cent reported that non-Thai nationals have little or no awareness of COVID-19 symptoms
  • 65 per cent of respondents indicated that lack of literacy is the main reason why non-Thai nationals do not understand COVID-19 information and 61 per cent of respondents indicated that non-Thai nationals have misperceptions about COVID-19.
 

[1] Definition of non-Thai nationals: All persons resident in Thailand who do not hold Thai citizenship regardless of country of birth, usual residence, citizenship or legal status. This include migrants, stateless individuals, refugees, and other non-Thai populations.

[2] IOM used its extensive network to identify 67 key informants who were able to provide informed answers on the situation and vulnerabilities of different migrant communities and non-Thai populations across Thailand.