Emergencies often displace populations and require an immediate response to save lives or limit suffering. To better improve IOM’s ability to respond to the migration consequences of crisis, IOM published its Migration Crisis Operational Framework (MCOF) in 2012. MCOF is a flexible tool that organizes IOM emergency response around two major pillars. The first pillar considers the “before, during, and after” stages of an emergency. The second pillar covers 15 types of assistance, including camp management, displacement tracking, health services, shelter and non-food items, and more.

IOM Thailand has provided humanitarian assistance to stranded migrants in post-crisis situations. From 2013 to mid-2022, over 5,000 Rohingya, stranded Myanmar migrants and special at-risk groups have benefitted from assistance of health, mental health and psychosocial support (MHPSS), food, non-food items (NFIs), and water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH). Activities are centred on improving the physical and mental wellbeing of stranded migrants temporarily detained in Thailand.